By Gelina Harlaftis
Greek-owned delivery has been on the most sensible of the area fleet for the final 20 years. Winner of the 1997 Runciman Award, this richly sourced examine lines the improvement of the Greek tramp fleet from the mid-nineteenth century to the current day. Gelina Harlaftis argues that the good fortune of Greek-owned delivery in recent times has been a end result no longer of a couple of marketers utilizing flags of comfort within the Forties, yet of networks and organisational constructions which date again to the 19th century. This research offers the main complete heritage of improvement of contemporary Greek transport ever released. it's illustrated with quite a few maps and images, and comprises wide tables of basic info.
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Extra info for A History of Greek Owned Shipping: The Making of an International Tramp Fleet, 1830 to the Present Day (Maritime History)
Moreover, the organisation, structure and trading methods of the Greek diaspora merchant/shipowners who prospered in the last century have been imitated by the shipowners of this one. 5 In the next pages I will examine the traces that the Greek merchant/ shipowners left while establishing both their own network and Greek-owned shipping. An attempt is made to locate merchants, cargoes and ships involved at THE ‘CHIOT’ PHASE, 1830S–1860S 39 the various termini of the trade, particularly in the Black Sea, Marseilles, and English ports.
35 The British consuls at various Black Sea ports provide abundant evidence that Ottoman ships in the Black Sea (which formed a very low percentage after the Crimean War) were Greek. The evidence provided by Sémaphore de Marseilles from 1840 to 1910 shows that all ships under the Ottoman flag that arrived at Marseilles were Greek-owned. There is also sufficient evidence to support the argument that a significant percentage of British ships mentioned in the shipping statistics by the British consuls were Greek-owned.
25 The trading method that made Livorno the ‘English port’ in the Mediterranean was due to various measures imposed by the main consuming countries that rendered direct imports impossible. In order to protect local producers England, the first industrial nation, established ‘Corn Laws’ under which grain imports were prohibited except when local production was inadequate. This practice was followed by most of northern Europe. Increased industrial production, however, led to a gradual inability to feed the growing urban populations.