By Pradipta Kumar Deb

An advent to Mine Hydrogeology briefly describes the topic of hydrogeology in order that this data could be built-in into mine improvement making plans. It emphasizes not just the hydrochemical but in addition the actual affects of the hydrogeological surroundings at the mine and its atmosphere. extra, it discusses the methodologies utilized in mine hydrogeological experiences, showcased by way of chosen stories on Indian mines.

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Increase in surface and ground water interaction with the mine working because of subsidence. 5. Loss of surface features such as lakes, streams and ponds through subsidence. 6. Pathways for closure flow resulting from adits shafts and overall mine design. 7. Operational and post closure geochemistry and resulting toxics mobility. Specially, mine water, ground water withdrawal and land subsidence can potentially create environmental problems that cannot be easily corrected. The P. K. 1007/978-3-319-02988-7_6, Ó The Author(s) 2014 31 32 6 Environmental Impact Analysis on Hydrological Regime ground water recharge including ground water budgeting should be computed following standard methods.

8. Settling tanks to treat mine water should be located preferably on a flat area, to reduce the risk of erosion. 9. Shallow and deep piezometers should be installed close to the mining area for long term monitoring of water levels in the aquifer/s. 10. Mine water management plans should be drawn at periodic intervals till closure of the mine (Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India 2010). In India, physical and chemical impact of mining on hydrogeological regime in many mining areas are common.

The solids content and turbidity levels are very low. Iron is absent and coliform organisms were not detected in the samples. The water quality is thus very good and the parameters are well within the permissible limits for drinking purpose as stipulated in Indian standard IS: 10500 (Drinking Water Specification, IS 10500: 1991). For ground water quality for mine water discharges and their remediation, the reader may refer suitable literature on Mine water (Younger et al. 2002). P. K. 2 Ground water quality in Nongkheih Sl.

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