By P. R. S. Moorey
This can be the 1st systematic try to survey intimately the archaeological facts for the crafts and craftsmanship of the Sumerians, Babylonians, and Assyrians in historical Mesopotamia (c. 8000-300 BC). P.R.S. Moorey studies in brief the textual facts, and is going directly to research intimately quite a lot of crafts and fabrics: stones, either universal and decorative, animal items, ceramics, glazed fabrics and glass, metals, and development fabrics. With a finished bibliography, this generously illustrated quantity might be a key paintings of reference for archaeologists and people attracted to the early heritage of crafts and expertise, in addition to for experts within the historic close to East.
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Extra resources for Ancient Mesopotamian Materials and Industries: The Archaeological Evidence
Two stone beakers of dark green serpentine. Tobler 195''' 83, pI. 13 (= LIlle), 14· c: Tomb 248: One small ointment jar of oolitic limestone. Tohler 195''' 93, pI. II. Tomb 3/: One unique double bowl of Mosul Marble ('only stone vessel found in a tomb where a common, local variety was employed in manufacture'); one small ointment jar of oolitic limestone; one small alabaster ointment jar; one exceptionally nne handled bowl of highly polished translucent dark green serpentine. Tobler 195''' 93, pI.
For stone vessels the pattern of deposit and the range of shapes and materials is broadly comparable to that from Ur, though steatite is not recorded. Evidence from other sites for Early Dynastic I-II remains meagre and difficult to use. At Ur, and elsewhere, in the earlier third millennium BC bowls are very often of limestone, rather than of calcite or gypsum, when not of lavas. lars are regularly of calcite, sometimes using its banded structure for decorative effect; but often poorly made, heavy and ungainly.
139-41). As banded calcite has not yet been associated with the non-Iranian Gulf areas either as a raw material or as manufactured goods, this reinforces the view that such vessels arc products of workshops in eastern Iran or beyond. In the pioneering days of Mesopotamian archaeology calcite vessels from Egypt were commonly cited as par~ allels for the Sumerian examples and cultural contacts were proposed (Petrie cited by Woolley 1934: 379)· Reisner (1931) disposed of a supposed Egyptian connection; but it is intermittently revived.