By Professor David H Aaron

It truly is scholarly in its procedure. even if, the conclusions are only that the Bible comprises ambiguities and that a few ambiguities are extra ambiguous than others. Ambiguity may possibly functionality as a Bible code, yet God will let us know while the scrolls could be undone.

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Extra resources for Biblical Ambiguities: Metaphor, Semantics, and Divine Imagery (Brill Reference Library of Judaism)

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Below are a number of verses from various documents, some Israelite, some Egyptian, some Mesopotamian. I invite the reader to try to match the texts with their origins. No doubt, with a little more context, even a novice in the field might identify their true provenance. I have purposely left out 1 82. Tsevat 1969-70. ; 1 Sam 26:19; Josh 24:15; Ps 24 chapter two words that would instantaneously align the expressions with a particular culture (for example, specific divine names or names of rulers).

Were one to enter a speech group unaware of its semantic rules and conventions, much of what would be said would remain unintelligible. While recognizing the limitations of the comparison, we might think of a conversation’s subject matter as analogous to the semantic rules of a given language. We have surely all experienced the disconcerting feeling that results when we enter a converation already in progress, only to find the dialogue unintelligible. Of course, the individual words are all familiar, and the sentences are grammatical, but that does not prevent meaning from remaining elusive.

24 An argument for a position on the basis of how difficult something is to believe should be irrelevant to scholarly discourse. I know of no examples in the scholarly literature of a “set of grammatical distinctions” which enable people “to designate metaphors as metaphors”; nor does Brettler or Soskice provide any. There is nothing “intrinsic to kingship” that forces us to see the phrase “God is King” as metaphorical. Brettler’s error lies in the fact that he believes “King” must be applied identically to all realms of existence, such that unless there is a perfect match—in this case, between how human kings operate and how divine kings operate— metaphor must be at hand.

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