By A.K. Biswas and W.G. Davenport (Auth.)

A totally revised and updated variation containing entire commercial facts. the numerous major alterations which happened throughout the Eighties and Nineteen Nineties are chronicled. sleek excessive depth smelting techniques are offered intimately, in particular flash, Contop, Isasmelt, Noranda, Teniente and direct-to-blister smelting. significant awareness is paid to the keep watch over of SO2 emissions and manufacture of H2SO4. contemporary advancements in electrorefining, really chrome steel cathode expertise are tested. Leaching, solvent extraction and electrowinning are evaluated including their impression upon optimizing mineral source usage. the amount goals the recycling of copper and copper alloy scrap as an more and more vital resource of copper and copper alloys. Copper qc is additionally mentioned and the publication comprises a tremendous part on extraction economics.

Each bankruptcy is by means of a precis of suggestions formerly defined and gives recommended extra studying and references

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The numbers indicate the corresponding location on Fig. 4. Primary SXEW Location 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. C. Bagdad, Arizona Pinto Valley, Arizona Miami, Arizona Miami, Arizona Casa Grande, Arizona Ray, Arizona Silverbell, Arizona Sierrita, Arizona San Manuel, Arizona Johnson Camp, Arizona Morenci, Arizona Tyrone, New Mexico Chino, New Mexico Cananea, Mexico La Oroya, Peru 5 11 9 10 60 40 40 start up 4 50 3 180 70 50 40 4 Primary SXEW Location 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22.

7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. Smelting Technology Garfield, Utah Miami, Arizona Hayden, Arizona San Manuel, Arizona Hidalgo, New Mexico Hurley, New Mexico El Paso, Texas White Pine, Michigan Cananea, Sonora La Caridad, Sonora Flin Flon, Manitoba Timmins, Ontario Sudbury, Ontario Falconbridge, Ontario Noranda, Quebec Gaspe, Quebec La Oroya, Peru Ho, Peru Chuquicamata, Chile Mantos Blancos, Chile Potrerillos, Chile Paipote, Chile Las Ventanas, Chile Chagres, Chile Caletones, Chile Camacari, Brazil Tsumeb, Namibia O'okiep, South Africa Palabora, South Africa Selebi-Phikwe, Botswana Alaska, Zimbabwe Lubumbashi, Zaire Mufulira, Zambia Kitwe, Zambia Luanshya, Zambia Jinja, Uganda Huelva, Spain Hoboken, Belgium Hamburg, Germany Glowgow, Poland 1992 Proauction* NtoF IS IF F F IF C R R F R M IF E N R R R F,R,T R,T R,T R,T F T,R F R R R F R BF E R R E F BF F F(Cu), BF 180 100 170 270 160 120 100 60 50 110 60 100 100 30 180 60 60 250 410 20 110 70 90 50 280 130 35 35 130 20 20 120 160 180 70 10 130 30 250 250 t Production in thousands of tonnes of Cu * Estimated capacity Primary Smelters 41.

73. 74. 75. 76. 77. Smelting Technology Legnica, Poland Rönnskär, Sweden Harjavalta, Finland Baia Mare, Romania Bor, Serbia Srednogorie, Bulgaria Samsun, Turkey Monchegorsk, Russia Mednogorsk, Russia Sredneuralsk, Russia Kirovgrad, Russia Krasnouralsk, Russia NorilskANadezhda, Russia Sar Chesma, Iran Almalyk, Uzbekistan Dzhezkasgan, Kazakhstan Balkash, Kazakhstan Irtysh (Glubokoye, East Kazakhstan) Khetri, India Ghatsila, India Kunming, China Bayin, China Daye, China Tongling, China Guixi, China Shengyang, China Onsan, Korea Leyte, Philippines Olympic Dam, Australia Mt.

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