By Dr. Miguel A. Nicolelis, Dr. Ronald M. Cicurel
During this monograph, a mathematician and a neurobiologist sign up for forces to deal with essentially the most the most important and arguable clinical questions of our instances: can the beautiful capacities of the human mind be simulated by means of any electronic computing device? through combining mathematical, computational, neurobiological and evolutionary arguments, Ronald Cicurel and Miguel Nicolelis refute the prospect that any Turing computing device will ever reach the sort of simulation. As a part of their argument, the authors suggest a brand new conception for mind functionality: the Relativistic mind thought. This idea debts for many years of neurophysiological and mental findings and observations that beforehand have challenged the dominant dogma in neuroscience. Altogether, this monograph comprises the inaugural manifesto of a circulation meant to stress the individuality of human nature whereas discrediting pseudo-scientific predictions that the substitute of people via machines is forthcoming. within the authors' opinion, the inaccurate and deceptive trust that electronic machines can emulate all human behaviors defines one of many maximum threats that society faces sooner or later to maintain our lifestyle, our human tradition and our freedom.
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Additional resources for The Relativistic Brain: How it works and why it cannot be simulated by a Turing machine
We argue that modeling organisms, such as animal brains, in digital computers is hindered by non-computable and non-tractable problems that not even modern supercomputers can effectively handle. On the contrary, using our relativistic view of the brain, we propose that complex central nervous systems generate, combine and store information about itself, the body and the external world through the recurrent dynamic interplay of a hybrid digital-analog computational engine. At this engine’s core, the electrical firing produced by widely distributed networks of neurons flows through a large variety of “biological coils”, formed by the nerve bundles of the brain’s white matter core, continuously generating variable and complex electromagnetic fields (NEMFs).
That is precisely what has now been observed in a variety of experiments involving the tactile, gustatory, auditory and visual systems. Extensive clinical findings also support the existence of an internal analog component of brain processing. For example, an interesting set of phenomena, known collectively as alterations of the body schema, are consistent with our relativistic brain theory and the existence of a HDACE. The most well-known of these illusions is the phantom limb sensation. This refers to the ubiquitous finding that patients who suffer the loss of a limb tend to experience its presence after such an amputation.
This author showed that neuronal excitability can be altered at field strengths over a few millivolts per millimeter (Jefferys 1995). During the 1990s, Wolf Singer’s laboratory demonstrated that monkey cortical neurons fired synchronously when two bars displayed on a screen were moved together in the same direction. The same neurons fired asynchronously when the bars were moving in different directions (Kreiter and Singer 1996).