By Karin G. Labitzke, Harry van Loon

This e-book is meant not just for meteorologists but additionally for scientists in different fields, for academics, and for lay folks who don't need to acquaint themselves with its subject matters via an instructional textbook. as well as portray an image of the stratosphere, we wish to express how the method of an figuring out of Nature's advanced constitution of inform is alongside; winding, unforeseen paths. firstly of the twentieth century observations have been collecting that have been necessary to knowing weather and its variability. yet they can no longer be taken care of systematically simply because very important hyperlinks have been lacking. between them the belief that there's a stratosphere or an ozone layer. whilst, notwithstanding, one reads the clinical papers from the flip of the century and judges them at the foundation of our current wisdom --which llndoubtedlr continues to be incomplete - one needs to respect the early staff during this box for the care and mind's eye with which they approached the topic. The discoveries we describe during this booklet were very important to the growth of meteorology; and it really is apposite right here to cite Kuhn (1962) at the direction technological know-how mostly takes after a discovery.

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Hut two days later the temperature rose to -37°C at the pressure lewl of 13 mho A warming of 30°C thus began on January 27: nay. on January 30 the ternpprature at the lO-mh level even rose to -23°(, after which. howewr, a rapid cooling followed. 30 1 Berlin and the Stratosphere The winds which were observed concurrently with the temperature showed that the predominant southwesterly flow was hardly influenced by the extreme temperature changes. It is interesting to note that the warming slowly penetrated downward, ...

And already at the end of 1951 he had obtained not only quite a good general yiew of the change of temperature in the stratosphere above Berlin dming the year, but also an idea of the reliability of the data. that is, their small scatter from da~' to day. He reported on these new results and on the completel~· unexpected sudden and extreme warmings for the first time in the spring of H)52: Figure 1 [not shown here] shows how reliable and accurate are the temperatures obtained with the new type of radiosonde.

Geschichte Berlins. -C. (1993): Climatology of the Northern Hemisphere Stratosphert' derived from Berlin Analvses. Part 1: Monthlv Means. FP Berlin, Neue " Foige Serie A, Band 7, H~ft 3. Pelz J. Jahresmitteltemperaturen von 1701 bis 1996. Beilage zur Berliner Wetterkarte, 20/97. Met. Abh. FU-Berlin, Serit' B, Band 71. B. (1983): Solar variability, weather and climate: An llpdatp. J. Roy. Met. Soc. 109, 23-55. Comptes Rendus de I' Academie Sci. Paris, 141. J92 493. Scherhag R. (1948): :'\reue Methoden der Wetteranalyse und WetterprogTI(N'.

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